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    Periodontics: prevent diseases of the gums or teeth related tissues 

    The best way to prevent gum disease is an effective oral hygiene every day, as well as regular periodontal visits to the professional”
    Dr. Judith Fernández

    Periodontal disease is the main cause of the teeth loss of the adult patients. It affects two-thirds of adults and 90% of older people. Bacterial plaque is the determining factor of the periodontal disease progression and possibly the only factor.

    The calcified dental plaque (called dental calculus or tartar) is eliminated with a good hygiene. Dental calculus maintains the bacterial plaque that ends up irritating and inflaming the gum. The bacterial plaque changes the normal configuration of the gum weakening it and allowing bacteria to pass on it and inflame it, causing gingivitis that affects 75% of children and young people.

    la Periodoncia dental

    Following a proper dental hygiene is the primary defense. Regular visits to the dentist help detect the affected areas and eliminate them. When gingivitis becomes sever and acute, the use of antibiotics and tooth-wash to dissolve the plaque are necessary.
    It is very important to treat gingivitis timely since it is the precursor of the periodontitis, old name pyorrhea, that is characterized by a destruction of the bone supporting the tooth, resulting after some time in tooth loss if not timely treated.


    Gum diseases and infections can affect people without having caused any pain before. Signs of the periodontal disease are gum redness, abscesses with suppuration and foul breath, some bleeding when brushing teeth, increased tooth sensitivity to cold, gum retraction when teeth look larger and there are more gaps between them, as well as mobility.

    The Grup Doctor Bladé tries to convince the patients of the importance of the oral hygiene.

    Gum disease or periodontal disease is the main cause of the dental loss of the adult patients. The best way to prevent it is an effective oral hygiene every day, brushing and flossing teeth, as well as periodontal visits to the professional.
    Dr. Judith Fernández

    Periodontology is a specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect gums and tooth related tissues, as well as their proper maintenance, function and aesthetics.

    Main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.

    The first one refers to the gum inflammation that is accompanied with bleeding and redness due to the bacterial plaque.
    When gingivitis is at the advanced stage and leads to the infection and loss of the bone around the tooth, this means that periodontitis is starting.

    This disease affects 90% of the population older than 35 years old and this is the main reason of teeth loss.

    What is periodontal disease?

    Periodontal disease is an infection of teeth, gums and bone. It is caused by the bacterial plaque, sticky film of food and bacteria that is formed constantly on our teeth. You may have a periodontal disease and don’t even know it, because it is rarely painful in its early stages.

    How does it affect my teeth?

    If the plaque is not removed daily, it becomes hard and converts into tartar, and only a professional teeth cleaning will remove it. If not removed, the tartar invades the surface of the teeth roots. There malignant bacteria thrive and produce toxins, destroying the bone and gum tissues.

    What are the symptoms?

    If the bone tissue is being destroyed, your teeth may fall out. So inform us in case you have foul breath, if your gums are inflamed or sensitive, or if they bleed when brushing or flossing. If we detect the periodontal disease early, we can stop the destruction and save your teeth.

    Periodontal disease and your health

    A free entry for bacteria

    Researches have recently discovered that this chronic infection in your mouth creates a free pass for bacteria of the bacterial plaque to enter in the blood stream. These bacteria – el Estreptococo sanguis – may cause blood clots that can block your arteries and even provoke a heart attack.

    What are the symptoms?

    Other ailments have linked to periodontal disease, including respiratory disease, pneumonia, attacks, ulcers, diabetes difficult to control, giving birth to a baby of a low weight and bacterial endocarditis, a dangerous infection of the heart valves.

    Periodontal disease and smoking

    Smoking increases the risk

    This is a common knowledge that smoking is related not only to lungs, but also to the heart disease. But smoking can also increase the risk of periodontal disease. Smokers are more likely to have tartar on their teeth, where bacteria that cause the disease are thriving.

    A chronic infection

    Periodontal disease is essentially an open chronic infection in your mouth. Smoking worsens the situation damaging the body’s natural processes to combat the periodontal infection; smoking reduces the level of saliva, restricts blood flow and damages the immune system.

    What are the symptoms?

    There are more than 4000 chemicals in the cigarette smoke, including formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ammonia and arsenic. Smokers are also four times more likely to have the periodontal disease advanced and twice more likely to lose teeth.

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