Periodontics: prevent diseases of the gums or teeth related tissues
The best way to prevent gum disease is an effective oral hygiene every day, as well as regular periodontal visits to the professional”
Dr. Judith Fernández
Periodontal disease is the main cause of the teeth loss of the adult patients. It affects two-thirds of adults and 90% of older people. Bacterial plaque is the determining factor of the periodontal disease progression and possibly the only factor.
The calcified dental plaque (called dental calculus or tartar) is eliminated with a good hygiene. Dental calculus maintains the bacterial plaque that ends up irritating and inflaming the gum. The bacterial plaque changes the normal configuration of the gum weakening it and allowing bacteria to pass on it and inflame it, causing gingivitis that affects 75% of children and young people.
Following a proper dental hygiene is the primary defense. Regular visits to the dentist help detect the affected areas and eliminate them. When gingivitis becomes sever and acute, the use of antibiotics and tooth-wash to dissolve the plaque are necessary.
It is very important to treat gingivitis timely since it is the precursor of the periodontitis, old name pyorrhea, that is characterized by a destruction of the bone supporting the tooth, resulting after some time in tooth loss if not timely treated.
Gum diseases and infections can affect people without having caused any pain before. Signs of the periodontal disease are gum redness, abscesses with suppuration and foul breath, some bleeding when brushing teeth, increased tooth sensitivity to cold, gum retraction when teeth look larger and there are more gaps between them, as well as mobility.
The Grup Doctor Bladé tries to convince the patients of the importance of the oral hygiene.
Gum disease or periodontal disease is the main cause of the dental loss of the adult patients. The best way to prevent it is an effective oral hygiene every day, brushing and flossing teeth, as well as periodontal visits to the professional.
Dr. Judith Fernández
Periodontology is a specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect gums and tooth related tissues, as well as their proper maintenance, function and aesthetics.
- 0.1 Main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
- 0.2 What is periodontal disease?
- 0.3 How does it affect my teeth?
- 0.4 What are the symptoms?
- 1 Periodontal disease and your health
- 2 Periodontal disease and smoking
Main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
The first one refers to the gum inflammation that is accompanied with bleeding and redness due to the bacterial plaque.
When gingivitis is at the advanced stage and leads to the infection and loss of the bone around the tooth, this means that periodontitis is starting.
This disease affects 90% of the population older than 35 years old and this is the main reason of teeth loss.
Periodontal disease and your health
A free entry for bacteria
Researches have recently discovered that this chronic infection in your mouth creates a free pass for bacteria of the bacterial plaque to enter in the blood stream. These bacteria – el Estreptococo sanguis – may cause blood clots that can block your arteries and even provoke a heart attack.
What are the symptoms?
Other ailments have linked to periodontal disease, including respiratory disease, pneumonia, attacks, ulcers, diabetes difficult to control, giving birth to a baby of a low weight and bacterial endocarditis, a dangerous infection of the heart valves.